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Cytosolic sulfotransferase (SULT)-catalyzed sulfation regulates the activity of bio-signaling molecules and aids in metabolizing hydroxyl-containing xenobiotics. The sulfuryl donor for the SULT reaction is adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS), while products are adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate (PAP) and a sulfated alcohol. Human phenol sulfotransferase (SULT1A1) is one of the major detoxifying enzymes for phenolic xenobiotics. The mechanism of SULT1A1-catalyzed sulfation of PAP by pNPS was investigated. PAP was sulfated by para-nitrophenyl sulfate (pNPS) in a concentration-dependent manner. 2-Naphthol inhibited sulfation of PAP, competing with pNPS, while phenol activated the sulfation reaction. At saturating PAP, a ping pong kinetic mechanism is observed with pNPS and phenol as substrates, consistent with phenol intercepting the E-PAPS complex prior to dissociation of PAPS. At high concentrations, phenol competes with pNPS, consistent with formation of the E-PAP-phenol dead-end complex. Data are consistent with the previously reported mechanism for sulfation of 2-naphthol by PAPS, and its activation by pNPS. Overall, data are consistent with release of PAP from E-PAP and PAPS from E-PAPS contributing to rate-limitation in both reaction directions. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Eduard Tyapochkin, Vidya Prasanna Kumar, Paul F Cook, Guangping Chen. Reaction product affinity regulates activation of human sulfotransferase 1A1 PAP sulfation. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. 2011 Feb 15;506(2):137-41

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PMID: 21111704

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