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This study was carried out to elucidate the effects of calcium independent phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)) on mitochondrial function and exocytosis in neuroendocrine cells. iPLA(2) mRNA and protein were detected in cell lysates and mitochondria from PC12 cells. Treatment of cells with the iPLA(2) inhibitor, bromoenol lactone (BEL), resulted in reduction in the mitochondrial membrane potential. Increase in membrane capacitance and number of spikes at amperometry, indicating exocytosis, were detected from PC12 cells after treatment with BEL. The induced exocytosis was abolished by pre-incubation of cells with the antioxidant, glutathione monoethyl ester, spin-trap/free radical scavenger, PBN, or inhibitors of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, cyclosporine A and bongkrekic acid. These findings indicate that inhibition of iPLA(2) results in excessive exocytosis through increased oxidative damage (or failure to repair such damage) and defects in mitochondrial function. A similar process may occur in neurons with mutations in iPLA(2), leading to neuronal injury.

Citation

May-Thu Ma, Jin-Fei Yeo, Akhlaq A Farooqui, Wei-Yi Ong. Role of calcium independent phospholipase A2 in maintaining mitochondrial membrane potential and preventing excessive exocytosis in PC12 cells. Neurochemical research. 2011 Feb;36(2):347-54

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PMID: 21116712

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