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We describe the parallels between findings from cognitive science and neuroscience and Common-Sense Models in four areas: (1) Activation of illness representations by the automatic linkage of symptoms and functional changes with concepts (an integration of declarative and perceptual and procedural knowledge); (2) Action plans for the management of symptoms and disease; (3) Cognitive and behavioral heuristics (executive functions parallel to recent findings in cognitive science) involved in monitoring and modifying automatic control processes; (4) Perceiving and communicating to "other minds" during medical visits to address the declarative and non-declarative (perceptual and procedural) knowledge that comprise a patient's representations of illness and treatment (the transparency of other minds).


Howard Leventhal, Elaine A Leventhal, Jessica Y Breland. Cognitive science speaks to the "common-sense" of chronic illness management. Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine. 2011 Apr;41(2):152-63

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PMID: 21136224

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