Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Restenosis is still one of the major limitations after angioplasty. A therapeutic treatment combining β-irradiation and pharmacologic cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition was employed to study the impact on vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). The effects of meclofenamic acid in combination with yttrium-90 ((90)Y) on cell growth, clonogenic activity, cell migration, and cell cycle distribution of human aortic SMCs were investigated. Treatment was sustained over a period of 4 days and recovery of cells was determined until day 20 after initiation. The hypothesis was that there is no difference between control and treated groups. A dose-dependent growth inhibition was observed in single and combined treatment groups for meclofenamic acid and β-irradiation. Cumulative radiation dosage of 8 Gy completely inhibited colony formation. This was also observed for 200 μM meclofenamic acid alone or in combination with minor β-irradiation dosages. Results of the migration tests showed also a dose dependency with additive effects of combined therapy. Meclofenamic acid 200 μM alone and with cumulative β-irradiation dosages resulted in an increased G2/M-phase share. Incubating human SMCs with meclofenamic acid and (90)Y for a period of 4 d (ie, 1.5 half-life times) resulted in an effective inhibition of smooth muscle cell proliferation, colony formation, and migration. Copyright © 2011 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Alexander Sauter, Alexis Landers, Helmut Dittmann, Maren Pritzkow, Benjamin Wiesinger, Melanie Bayer, Rüdiger Bantleon, Jörg Schmehl, Claus D Claussen, Rainer Kehlbach. A dual-inhibition study on vascular smooth muscle cells with meclofenamic acid and β-irradiation for the prevention of restenosis. Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR. 2011 May;22(5):623-9

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 21414804

View Full Text