Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

CNS myelination by oligodendrocytes requires directed transport of myelin membrane components and a timely and spatially controlled membrane expansion. In this study, we show the functional involvement of the R-soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (R-SNARE) proteins VAMP3/cellubrevin and VAMP7/TI-VAMP in myelin membrane trafficking. VAMP3 and VAMP7 colocalize with the major myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) in recycling endosomes and late endosomes/lysosomes, respectively. Interference with VAMP3 or VAMP7 function using small interfering RNA-mediated silencing and exogenous expression of dominant-negative proteins diminished transport of PLP to the oligodendroglial cell surface. In addition, the association of PLP with myelin-like membranes produced by oligodendrocytes cocultured with cortical neurons was reduced. We furthermore identified Syntaxin-4 and Syntaxin-3 as prime acceptor Q-SNAREs of VAMP3 and VAMP7, respectively. Analysis of VAMP3-deficient mice revealed no myelination defects. Interestingly, AP-3δ-deficient mocha mice, which suffer from impaired secretion of lysosome-related organelles and missorting of VAMP7, exhibit a mild dysmyelination characterized by reduced levels of select myelin proteins, including PLP. We conclude that PLP reaches the cell surface via at least two trafficking pathways with distinct regulations: (1) VAMP3 mediates fusion of recycling endosome-derived vesicles with the oligodendroglial plasma membrane in the course of the secretory pathway; (2) VAMP7 controls exocytosis of PLP from late endosomal/lysosomal organelles as part of a transcytosis pathway. Our in vivo data suggest that exocytosis of lysosome-related organelles controlled by VAMP7 contributes to myelin biogenesis by delivering cargo to the myelin membrane.


Anke Feldmann, Jesa Amphornrat, Madeleine Schönherr, Christine Winterstein, Wiebke Möbius, Torben Ruhwedel, Lydia Danglot, Klaus-Armin Nave, Thierry Galli, Dieter Bruns, Jacqueline Trotter, Eva-Maria Krämer-Albers. Transport of the major myelin proteolipid protein is directed by VAMP3 and VAMP7. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. 2011 Apr 13;31(15):5659-72

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 21490207

View Full Text