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Interleukin-8 (IL8/CXCL8) has been described as a key effector in prostate cancer progression and resistance to standard chemotherapeutic drugs. In the present study, we investigated the effect of the natural, angio-inhibitory and anti-tumoral Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor (PEDF) on the expression of IL8 cytokine by prostate cancer cells. Using a cytokine antibody array and ELISA, in addition to IL8 quantitative RT PCR, we showed that PEDF inhibits the production of IL8 in human hormone-refractory prostate cancer cells, and delays the growth of these cells in vitro. IL8 reduction was mimicked in cancer cells treated with PPARγ agonist and NFκB-specific inhibitors. Accordingly, PPARγ expression increased in response to PEDF, whereas RelA/p65 expression and nuclear localization, and NFκB transcriptional activity decreased. NFκB deactivation was reversed by the PPARγ antagonist GW9662 and PPARγ (Leu(468)/Glu(471)) dominant negative suggesting a PPARγ-dependent process. We also investigated PEDF Receptor/PLA2 as key player in this pathway by small interference RNA. PEDFR knock down in prostate cancer cells reversed PEDF-induced PPARγ up-regulation, and NFκB and IL8 inhibition compared to non-targeting control siRNA. We conclude that by binding to PEDFR, PEDF up-regulates PPARγ, leading subsequently to suppressed NFκB-mediated transcriptional activation, reduced production of IL8 and limited proliferation of prostate cancer cells. These results reinforce PEDF's therapeutic potential and imply that blocking IL8 could represent a novel alternative for prostate cancer treatment. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Citation

Jennifer Hirsch, Christina Lisa Johnson, Thomas Nelius, Ronald Kennedy, Werner de Riese, Stéphanie Filleur. PEDF inhibits IL8 production in prostate cancer cells through PEDF receptor/phospholipase A2 and regulation of NFκB and PPARγ. Cytokine. 2011 Aug;55(2):202-10

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PMID: 21570865

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