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Efficient generation of useful monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with high performance in cancer therapeutics has been expected. Generation of mAbs reactive with globotriaosylceramide (Gb3/CD77) was compared between A/J mice and Gb3/CD77 synthase-deficient (A4GalT-knockout) mice by immunizing Gb3-liposome. Specificity and functions of established antibodies were examined by ELISA, TLC- immunostaining, cytotoxicity of cancer cells and immunoblotting. Compared with results with conventional mice, better generation of mAbs with higher functions has been achieved with A4GalT-knockout mice, i.e. acquisition of IgG class antibodies, activities in antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, complement-dependent cytotoxicity, and aggregation activity toward a Burkitt's lymphoma line Ramos. Binding of mAb k52 induced tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins in Ramos cells. One of the strongest phosphorylation bands turned out to be c-Cbl. Pretreatment of B cell lines with mAbs resulted in the attenuation of BCR-mimicking signaling. All these results suggested that A4GalT-knockout mice are very useful to generate mAbs against globo-series glycolipids, and that suppressive signaling pathway driven by endogenous Gb3-ligand molecules might be present in B cells.

Citation

Yuji Kondo, Noriyo Tokuda, Keiko Furukawa, Reiko Ando, Makoto Uchikawa, Qing Zhang, Fan Xiaoyan, Koichi Furukawa. Efficient generation of useful monoclonal antibodies reactive with globotriaosylceramide using knockout mice lacking Gb3/CD77 synthase. Glycoconjugate journal. 2011 Aug;28(6):371-84

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PMID: 21660412

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