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Myotrophin (MTPN) is an effective growth factor in promoting skeletal muscle growth in vitro and vivo and has been purified from porcine skeletal muscle. However, in pigs, the information on MTPN gene is very limited. In this study, we cloned cDNA sequences and analyzed the genomic structure of porcine MTPN gene. The deduced amino acid sequence of porcine MTPN contains two the ankyrin repeat domains. RT-PCR analysis revealed that porcine MTPN gene was widely expressed in many tissues, a high expression level was observed in the spleen, liver and uterus, and transient transfection indicated that porcine MTPN proteins was located in cytoplasms within Pig Kidney Epithelial cells (PK15). Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analyses showed that MTPN expression peaked at embryonic 65 day post conception (dpc). During postnatal muscle development, MTPN expression was down-regulated from the 3 day to the 180 day in Yorkshire pigs. This result suggests that the MTPN gene may be important gene for skeletal muscle growth and provides useful information for further studies on its roles in porcine skeletal muscle.


Linjie Wang, Yan Wang. Molecular characterization, expression patterns and subcellular localization of Myotrophin (MTPN) gene in porcine skeletal muscle. Molecular biology reports. 2012 Mar;39(3):2733-8

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PMID: 21667249

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