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Spermidine (SPD) is an endogenous polyamine that modulates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor function, and has been reported to facilitate memory formation. In the current study we determined whether or not the PKA/CREB signaling pathway is involved in SPD-induced facilitation of memory of inhibitory avoidance task in adult rats. The post-training administration of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) inhibitor, N-[2-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinoline sulfonamide [H-89, 0.5 ρmol intrahippocampal (ih)] or the antagonist of the NMDA receptor polyamine-binding site (arcaine, 0.02 nmol ih) with SPD (0.2 nmol ih) prevented memory improvement induced by SPD. Intrahippocampal administration of SPD (0.2 nmol) facilitated PKA and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation in the hippocampus 180 min, but not 30 min, after administration, and increased translocation of the catalytic subunit of PKA into the nucleus. Arcaine (0.02 nmol) and H-89 (0.5 ρmol) prevented the stimulatory effect of SPD on PKA and CREB phosphorylation. These results suggest that memory enhancement induced by the ih administration of SPD involves the PKA/CREB pathways in rats. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Gustavo Petri Guerra, Carlos Fernando Mello, Guilherme Vargas Bochi, Andréia Martini Pazini, Roselei Fachinetto, Rafael C Dutra, João Batista Calixto, Juliano Ferreira, Maribel Antonello Rubin. Hippocampal PKA/CREB pathway is involved in the improvement of memory induced by spermidine in rats. Neurobiology of learning and memory. 2011 Sep;96(2):324-32

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PMID: 21708277

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