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To evaluate the acceptability and reproducibility of spirometry in preschool children; to estimate the effect size of early termination of exhalation (ETE) on FVC, FEV(1) and FEV(0.5); and to evaluate the validity of FEV(0.5) in curves with ETE. Spirometric data were obtained from 240 healthy preschool children, who were selected by simple sampling. On the basis of the best curve from each child according to the end of exhalation, three groups were formed: no ETE (nETE); ETE and flow ≤ 10% of the highest PEF (ETE≤10); and ETE and flow > 10% of the highest PEF value (ETE>10). The reproducibility of FVC, FEV(1) and FEV(0.5) was compared among the three groups. The effect of ETE on FVC, FEV(1), and FEV(0.5) was assessed. Of the 240 children tested, 112 (46.5%)-82 (34.0%) of those in the nETE group and 30 (12.5%) of those in the ETE≤10 group--had acceptable curves for all the parameters. In 64 (27.0%) of those in the ETE>10 group, the curves were acceptable only for FEV(0.5), increasing the proportion of children with valid FEV(0.5) to 73.0%. There were no significant differences between the nETE and ETE≤10 groups in terms of the mean values of the parameters assessed. Maneuvers with ETE and flow ≤ 10% of the highest PEF are valid. In individuals with a flow > 10% of the highest PEF value, these maneuvers are only valid for FEV(0.5).


Edjane Figueiredo Burity, Carlos Alberto de Castro Pereira, José Ângelo Rizzo, Emanuel Sávio Cavalcanti Sarinho, Marcus Herbert Jones. Early termination of exhalation: effect on spirometric parameters in healthy preschool children. Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia : publicaça̋o oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia. 2011 Jul-Aug;37(4):464-70

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PMID: 21881736

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