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Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) reduces intracellular anticancer drug accumulation either by co transporting them with glutathione (GSH) or extruding drug-GSH conjugates outside of the cell. Thus, MRP1 confers multidrug resistance (MDR) and worsen successful chemotherapeutic treatment against cancer. Although the exact mechanism of MRP1 involved in MDR remains unknown, the elevated level of intracellular GSH is considered as a key factor responsible for MDR in cancer. Hence the quest for non-toxic molecules that are able to deplete intracellular GSH has profound importance to subdue MDR. The present preclinical study depicts the resistance reversal potentiality of an iron complex; viz. Ferrous N-(2-hydroxy acetophenone) glycinate (FeNG) developed by us in doxorubicin resistant Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC/Dox) cells. FeNG potentiate cytotoxic effect of doxorubicin on EAC/Dox cells ex vivo and also increases the survivability EAC/Dox bearing Swiss albino mice in vivo as well. Moreover, in vivo administration of FeNG significantly depletes intracellular GSH with ensuant increase in doxorubicin concentration in EAC/Dox cells without alternation of MRP1 expression. In addition, intra-peritoneal (i.p.) application of FeNG in normal or EAC/Dox bearing mice does not cause any systemic toxicity in preliminary trials in mouse Ehrlich ascites carcinoma model. Therefore, the present report provides evidence that FeNG may be a promising new resistance modifying agent against drug resistant cancers.


Avishek Ganguly, Paramita Chakraborty, Kaushik Banerjee, Shilpak Chatterjee, Soumya Basu, Avijit Sarkar, Mitali Chatterjee, Soumitra Kumar Choudhuri. Iron N-(2-hydroxy acetophenone) glycinate (FeNG), a non-toxic glutathione depletor circumvents doxorubicin resistance in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells in vivo. Biometals : an international journal on the role of metal ions in biology, biochemistry, and medicine. 2012 Feb;25(1):149-63

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PMID: 21915630

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