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MCT1-CD147 complex is the prime lactate transporter in mammalian plasma membranes. In equine red blood cells (RBCs), activity of the complex and expression of MCT1 and CD147 is bimodal; high in 70% and low in 30%. We studied whether sequence variations contribute to the bimodal expression of MCT1 and CD147. Samples of blood and cremaster muscle were collected in connection of castration from 24 horses. Additional gluteus muscle samples were collected from 15 Standardbreds of which seven were known to express low amounts of CD147 in RBCs. The cDNA of MCT1 and CD147 together with a promoter region of CD147 was sequenced. The amounts of MCT1 and CD147 expressed in RBC and muscle membranes were measured by Western blot and mRNA levels in muscles by qPCR. MCT1 and CD147 were expressed in 20 castrates, and in four only were traces found. Sequence variations found in MCT1 were not linked to MCT1 expression. In CD147 linked heterozygous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) 389A>G (Met(125)Val) and 990C>T (3'-UTR) were associated to low expression of CD147. Also a mutation 168A>G (Ile(51)Val) in CD147 was associated to low MCT1 and CD147 expression. Low MCT1 and CD147 mRNA levels in gluteus were found in Standardbreds with low CD147 expression in RBCs. The results suggest that sequence variations affect the expression level of CD147, but do not explain its bimodality. The levels of MCT1 and CD147 mRNA correlated with the expression of CD147 and suggest that bimodality of their expression is regulated at transcriptional level. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


N M Koho, A K Mykkänen, M Reeben, M R Raekallio, M Ilves, A R Pösö. Sequence variations and two levels of MCT1 and CD147 expression in red blood cells and gluteus muscle of horses. Gene. 2012 Jan 1;491(1):65-70

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PMID: 21945690

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