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Seborrhoeic keratoses (SKs) are very common benign epidermal lesions without malignant potential. Ultraviolet radiation, old age and viruses are well-known risk factors for disease development. However, the pathomechanisms of SK are not fully understood. To detect and characterize the genes that are involved in the pathogenesis of SK. We performed a gene expression study using paired lesional and nonlesional skin samples from patients with SK. We identified and validated 19 differentially expressed genes in SK. Of these 19 genes, we focused on p63 transcription factor, which plays a pivotal role in epidermal development by regulating its transcriptional programme. We found by immunofluorescence that the expression of ΔNp63α, the most abundantly expressed p63 isoform, was significantly increased in SK as compared with normal skin. Moreover, siRNA-mediated knockdown of ΔNp63 led to the downregulation of 11 genes, including a member of the tensin family TNS4. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay revealed that TNS4 was a target gene of p63. We identified upregulated genes in SK using genome-wide cDNA microarray and elucidated the functional contribution of p63 to the disease transcriptome by gene-silencing assay. Taken together, these data may provide a novel insight into the molecular basis of these benign skin lesions. © 2011 The Authors. BJD © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists.


E Y Seo, D H Lee, Y Lee, K H Cho, H C Eun, J H Chung. Microarray analysis reveals increased expression of ΔNp63α in seborrhoeic keratosis. The British journal of dermatology. 2012 Feb;166(2):337-42

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PMID: 21967648

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