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This study examined the effects of additives of potassium carbonate (K2CO3) and zinc oxide (ZnO) on the pyrolysis of waste sunflower-oil cake using a 60 kW pilot-scale plasma torch reactor. The major gaseous products were CO and H2. The productions of CO and CH4 increased while that of H2 decreased with the addition of K2CO3. The use of ZnO reduced while enhanced the formation of CO and H2, respectively. In order to match the appeal of resource reutilization, one can use the waste K2CO3 resulted from the sorption of CO2 with KOH in greenhouse gas control and the waste ZnO obtained from the melting process as additives for the co-pyrolysis of sunflower-oil cake, yielding fuels rich in CO and H2, respectively. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Je-Lueng Shie, Chia-Chi Chang, Ching-Yuan Chang, Chin-Ching Tzeng, Chung-Yu Wu, Kae-Long Lin, Jyi-Yeong Tseng, Min-Hao Yuan, Heng-Yi Li, Ching-Hui Kuo, Yuh-Jeng Yu, Lieh-Chih Chang. Co-pyrolysis of sunflower-oil cake with potassium carbonate and zinc oxide using plasma torch to produce bio-fuels. Bioresource technology. 2011 Dec;102(23):11011-7

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PMID: 21974882

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