Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Increasing evidence indicates that canonical neurotransmitters act as regulatory signals during neuroplasticity. Here, we report that muscarinic cholinergic neurotransmission stimulates differentiation of adult neural stem cells in vitro. Adult neural stem cells (ANSC) dissociated from the adult mouse hippocampus were expanded in culture with basic fibroblast growth factor (BFGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF). Carbachol (CCh), an analog of acetylcholine (ACh) significantly enhanced de novo differentiation into neurons on bFGF- and EGF-deprived stem cells as shown by the percentage of TUJ1 positive cells. By contrast, pirenzepine (PIR), a muscarinic M1 receptor antagonist, reduced the generation of neurons. Activation of cholinergic signaling drives the de novo differentiation of uncommitted stem cells into neurons. These effects appear to be predominantly mediated via the muscarinic M1 receptor subtype.


Jens Benninghoff, Werner Rauh, Victor Brantl, Robert J Schloesser, Rainald Moessner, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Dan Rujescu. Cholinergic impact on neuroplasticity drives muscarinic M1 receptor mediated differentiation into neurons. The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry. 2013 Apr;14(3):241-6

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 22022845

View Full Text