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P450c17, a key steroidogenic enzyme, plays important roles in the production of sex steroid and cortisol. In teleost, there are two types of P450c17, P450c17-I possessing 17α-hydroxylase and 17, 20-lyase activities, and P450c17-II only possessing 17α-hydroxylase activity. This work describes the molecular cloning of the cDNA encoding the barfin flounder (Verasper moseri) P450c17-I and P450c17-II by means of RT-PCR and 5' and 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) analyses and mRNA expression profiles analyzing by semiquantitative RT-PCR. Respectively, P450c17-I and P450c17-II mRNA levels in the testes correlated with serum testosterone (T) level, as well as gonadosomatic index (GSI) of males during specific stages of spermatogenesis. P450c17-I and P450c17-II mRNA were expressed in the testis and ovary, suggesting that both of them participate in the production of sex steroid in barfin flounder gonads. P450c17-I mRNA was undetectable; in contrast, P450c17-II mRNA was detected at the highest level in the head kidney, meaning that only P450c17-II is involved in the production of cortisol in barfin flounder. The results demonstrated that both of P450c17-I and P450c17-II participate in the production of sex steroid in male barfin flounder gonads.


Guo X Jin, Hai S Wen, Feng He, Ji F Li, Cai F Chen, Jia R Zhang, Xiao Y Chen, Bao Shi, Dan Shi, Yan P Yang, Bao X Qi, Na Li. Molecular cloning, characterization expression of P450c17-I and P450c17-II and their functions analysis during the reproductive cycle in males of barfin flounder (Verasper moseri). Fish physiology and biochemistry. 2012 Jun;38(3):807-17

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PMID: 22057547

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