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Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a condition that originates from alterations of the choroidal circulation. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the use of indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) in patients with chronic CSC. The analysis included 17 patients (34 eyes) with chronic CSC in at least 1 eye. The eye examination included: distance and near visual acuity, biomicroscopy, applanation tonometry, fundus examination, colored and red-free fundus photography, evaluation of autofluorescence, optical coherence tomography, and fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography. In 34 eyes (100%) involved in the ICGA study the results revealed zones of transient increased choroidal vessels permeability. In 18 eyes (52.9%) choroidal changes were accompanied by a focal serous pigment epithelial detachment. In 4 eyes (11.8%) of 3 patients' the ICGA examination confirmed the presence of occult choroidal neovascularization (CNV). In the patient with bilateral diffuse retinal pigment epitheliopathy, CNV was present in 1 eye, in the patient with unilateral chronic CSC it was also present in 1 eye, and in the third patient with bilateral chronic CSC it was detected in both eyes. ICGA is a very useful examination that enables ophthalmologists to visualize choroidal changes due to chronic CSC, as well as to diagnose occult CNV in chronic CSC.


Urszula Gajdzik-Gajdecka, Mariola Dorecka, Ewa Nita, Anna Michalska, Joanna Miniewicz-Kurowska, Wanda Romaniuk. Indocyanine green angiography in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research. 2012 Feb;18(2):CR51-57

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PMID: 22293877

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