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Amyloid-β (Aβ)-induced Ca(2+) influx into neurons has been well described since it was first reported almost 20 years ago. Ca(2+) influx can disrupt mechanisms of long-term potentiation and long-term depression and increase neuronal susceptibility to excitotoxicity. Our studies show that also causes an increase in acetylcholinesterase (AChE) levels and induces AMPA receptor internalization through Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. As -induced Ca(2+) entry may increase neuronal excitability, the increase in AChE and the downregulation of cell surface AMPA receptors may be part of a homeostatic mechanism which maintains normal levels of cholinergic and glutamatergic signaling. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Citation

David H Small. Dysregulation of Ca2+ homeostasis in Alzheimer's disease: role in acetylcholinesterase production and AMPA receptor internalization. Neuro-degenerative diseases. 2012;10(1-4):76-9

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PMID: 22301681

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