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This study was designed to show the relationship between tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and stroke volume (SV) by thermodilution using three different methods and also to assess whether TAPSE can track hemodynamic changes associated with volume loading and ephedrine administration. This was an observational study in 61 elective patients with a pulmonary artery catheter who were undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery in a cardiac surgical centre. We measured TAPSE by three methods using transesophageal echocardiography: M mode, speckle tracking at the lateral wall, and tissue tracking at the inferior wall. There were two interventions: leg raising (volume recruitment) or administration of ephedrine 5 mg iv. Echo and hemodynamic measurements were performed before and after each intervention. Eleven patients were excluded due to poor imaging. There were 26 patients in the leg raising group and 24 patients in the ephedrine group. The correlation coefficient between stroke volume (SV) and TAPSE by M mode, speckle tracking, and tissue tracking was 0.48, 0.44, and 0.09, respectively. There was a significant increase in SV following each intervention; however, the changes in TAPSE by any method and velocity were not large enough to reach statistical significance. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion by M mode and by speckle tracking correlates modestly with SV. There was no correlation between TAPSE and SV by tissue tracking at the inferior wall of the right ventricle. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion by M mode and by speckle tracking does not track changes in SV following either volume loading or ephedrine administration.


Claude Tousignant, Han Kim, Fabio Papa, C David Mazer. Evaluation of TAPSE as a measure of right ventricular ouptut. Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesth├ęsie. 2012 Apr;59(4):376-83

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PMID: 22302303

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