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Leptin, a hormone-cytokine mainly produced by the adipose tissue, has pleitropic effects on many biological system including metabolic, endocrine, and immune system. Although it is well known that leptin controls food intake on hypothalamic regions of brain, the role of leptin in hematopoietic and immune processes has been mainly investigated with in vitro and transgenic mouse studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of peripheral leptin on lymphocyte subpopulation. Initially forty male Swiss albino mice were divided into five groups. Mice in group I (Control) were given serum physiologic (SP) and group L100, group L250, group L500, and group L1000 were given 100, 250, 500 and 1000 μg/kg/day recombinant mouse leptin, respectively. Leptin or SP was injected subcutaneously for the next 6 days. Daily food/water intake was recorded for each group. At the end of the study, whole blood samples (500 μl) were obtained via intracardiac punction in anesthetized mice. Leptin levels and lymphocyte subpopulations in blood samples were analyzed. We show that no in vivo dose-dependent effect of leptin is existed on lymphocyte subpopulations count in mice. Treatment of mice with high-dose leptin led to increase only CD4+ cells (P<0.05). In addition, high-dose leptin slightly increased CD3+ cells but this was not statistically confirmed (P=0.08). Notably, it was found that leptin caused insignificant changes on body weight and food intake in normal body weight mice. The data support that high-dose leptin has proliferative effect on CD4+ cells in vivo. However, more in vivo study needs to be examined to clarify how leptin affect lymphocyte subpopulations. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


Aykut G Uner, Nesrin Sulu. In vivo effects of leptin on lymphocyte subpopulations in mice. Immunobiology. 2012 Sep;217(9):882-8

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PMID: 22317748

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