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Bleomycin injury causes biomechanical changes secondary to inflammation, tissue remodeling and surfactant changes. We compared lung mechanics in open chest (OC) and tissue strip (TS) to better understand the pathophysiology of the alveolar interface between lung tissue and conducting airways. Thirty nine rats were studied at days 3, 7, and 15 after receiving saline or bleomycin (2.5 Ukg(-1)) intratracheally. Normalized elastance (E), hysteresivity (η) and exponent (β) of the power frequency dependence of elastance were determined in OC (lung parenchyma) and TS. Remodeling (hydroxyproline) and inflammation (myeloperoxidase and lung water) parameters were determined. E, η and β were higher in OC both in saline and bleomycin groups. The difference (OC-TS) of η and β correlated with myeloperoxidase and lung water but not with hydroxyproline. We concluded that differences between lung parenchyma and tissue mechanics are due to mechanical effects of inhomogeneities in saline animals. Changes at the alveolar interface after bleomycin are related to oxidative stress and extravascular lung water. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


M Pinart, D S Faffe, P V Romero. In vivo and in vitro lung mechanics by forced oscillations: effect of bleomycin challenge. Respiratory physiology & neurobiology. 2012 Apr 15;181(1):46-52

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PMID: 22322115

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