Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Papaverine is used for the evaluation of functional status of the coronary arteries but it may provoke severe ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTAs). This study compared the clinical and ECG characteristic of patients with papaverine-induced VTAs. The study involved 25 patients who underwent a fractional flow reserve (FFR) study. FFR was determined as the ratio of blood pressure at the distal and the proximal site of stenosis after intracoronary papaverine administration at 12 mg into the left and 8 mg into the right coronary artery. The QT and QTU intervals were measured manually in the limb leads and in the precordial leads, respectively and corrected by the R-R interval to obtain QTc and QTUc. The clinical and ECG data were compared between the patient groups with and without VTAs. After papaverine administration into the left (20), right (3) or both coronary arteries (2), the RR interval shortened, but non-significantly however, the QT interval (and QTc) and the QTU interval (and QTUc) were significantly prolonged. VTAs developed in four women: torsade de pointes in 3 followed by ventricular fibrillation and ventricular premature beats in 1 patient. After papaverine administration, QTU and QTUc were more prolonged in women than men and in patients with VTAs compared to those without. Just prior to VTAs, giant T-U waves were observed. Intracoronary papaverine was used to determine FFR which may induce VTAs. VTAs developed only in women and they were closely related to prolongation of the QTU intervals with prominent T-U waves.


Masafumi Nakayama, Atsushi Saito, Hitoshi Kitazawa, Minoru Takahashi, Masahito Sato, Koichi Fuse, Masaaki Okabe, Kou Hoshino, Nobuhiro Tanaka, Akira Yamashina, Yoshifusa Aizawa. Papaverine-induced polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in relation to QTU and giant T-U waves in four cases. Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan). 2012;51(4):351-6

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 22333368

View Full Text