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A lectin-impregnated gel was fabricated at the channel crossing point in a microfluidic chip made from polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). The acrylamide containing lectin was photopolymerized to form a round gel (radius 60 μm) by irradiation with an argon laser, which was also used for fluorometric detection. This gel was applied to specific concentration, elution, and electrophoretic separation of fluorescent-labeled oligosaccharides. Because the lectin in the polyacrylamide gel was mechanically immobilized, it maintained its activity. The lectin was used to trap up to a few tens of femtomoles of specific oligosaccharides labeled with 8-aminopyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid with 2 min by a factor >800, and the amount trapped corresponded to ca. 70% of lectin in the gel. The trapped oligosaccharides were released from the gel by lowering the pH with an acidic background electrolyte. The oligosaccharides that eluted as a broad band were concentrated by transient isotachophoresis stacking using concentrated sodium borate buffer (pH 11.0). The stacked sample components were then separated and fluorometrically detected at the end of the separation channel. Under the optimized conditions, resolution of the saccharides was good, and was similar to that obtained by pinched injection. The method was applied to preconcentration and analysis of oligosaccharides derived from some glycoproteins.


Sachio Yamamoto, Sho Suzuki, Shigeo Suzuki. Microchip electrophoresis of oligosaccharides using lectin-immobilized preconcentrator gels fabricated by in situ photopolymerization. The Analyst. 2012 May 7;137(9):2211-7

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PMID: 22433972

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