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    Activation of natural killer (NK) cells depends on a balance between signals received from activation and inhibitory ligands expressed on the surface of target cells. Tumorigenic human adenovirus 12 (Ad12) transformed cells express low levels of the NK cell inhibitory ligand MHC I, but do not exhibit increased sensitivity to NK cell lysis compared to their non-tumorigenic counterparts. Analysis of the expression of activation ligands that bind to the NKG2D receptor revealed that RAE1β and H60 were reduced on the surface of Ad12 mouse cells as well as at the level of transcription. In accord with these results, RAE1 localization to the synapse and sensitivity to NK cell cytotoxicity were also diminished. The reduced transcription of the rat NKG2D ligands, RAEt1L and RRTL, in tumorigenic rat cells compared to non-tumorigenic counterparts implies that both mouse and rat cell lines share a common mechanism of NKG2D ligand activation subverted by Ad12. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Christa Y Heyward, Rajen Patel, Emily M Mace, Jennifer T Grier, Hancheng Guan, Andrew P Makrigiannis, Jordan S Orange, Robert P Ricciardi. Tumorigenic adenovirus 12 cells evade NK cell lysis by reducing the expression of NKG2D ligands. Immunology letters. 2012 May 30;144(1-2):16-23

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    PMID: 22445355

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