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The molecular structure of thiourea has been investigated under C(s), C(2), and C(2v) symmetry constraints. At the coupled-cluster level in conjunction with a triple-ζ basis set, only the C(2) conformer has been found to be a real minimum on the potential energy surface. Its equilibrium structure has therefore been accurately evaluated using both theoretical and experimental data. With respect to the former, high-level quantum-chemical calculations at the coupled-cluster level in conjunction with correlation-consistent basis sets ranging in size from triple- to quintuple-zeta have been carried out. Extrapolation to the complete basis-set limit as well as core-correlation effects and inclusion of full treatment of triple excitations in the cluster operator have been considered. On the basis of the vibrational ground-state rotational constants available for five isotopic species and the corresponding computed vibrational corrections, the semiexperimental equilibrium geometry of thiourea has also been determined for the first time.


Cristina Puzzarini. Molecular structure of thiourea. The journal of physical chemistry. A. 2012 May 3;116(17):4381-7

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PMID: 22471631

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