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The lyophilized Pseudomonas fluorescens cell was an efficient alternative catalyst to enzymes for highly regioselective acylation of a polar nucleoside, 1-β-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C). The cells showed an evident solvent dependence in the reaction. Among the tested solvents except for acetonitrile-pyridine, catalytic activity of the cells clearly increased with increasing the polarity of the organic solvents used. Among all the tested solvents both pure and binary, the best results were observed in isopropyl ether-pyridine system, in which the catalyst also showed good thermal and operational stabilities. For the biocataylsis in isopropyl ether-pyridine, the optimal isopropyl ether concentration, water content, acyl donor/ara-C ratio, biocatalyst dosage and reaction temperature were 30% (v/v), 4%, 45, 50mg/mL and 30 °C, respectively, under which the initial rate, yield and 5'-regioselectivity were 2.93 mM/h, 77.1% and 97.3%, respectively. The bacterial cells exhibited comparable 5'-regioselectivity to the expensive immobilized enzyme, which could also have environmental and cost advantages. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Xiao-feng Li, Zhi-hong Lu, Guang-lei Zhao, Hui Wu, Yi-gang Yu. A facile whole-cell biocatalytic approach to regioselective synthesis of monoacylated 1-β-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine: influence of organic solvents. Bioresource technology. 2012 Jun;114:6-11

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PMID: 22494574

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