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Capsule endoscopy is a relatively new technology available in the investigation of IBD. Its place in the algorithm of evaluating IBD is being refined. Capsule endoscopy has the ability to visualize the entire SB with very few complications. It is a sensitive test for the diagnosis of mucosal changes, but should be viewed as complementary to other radiologic evaluations, such as CTE and MRE. Capsule endoscopy is nonspecific and its findings have to be interpreted with caution and in the right clinical setting, because up to one fifth of normal individuals may have subtle changes in the small intestine. Care should also be taken to exclude NSAID use because it mimics findings seen in CD. Capsule endoscopy is an exciting technology that opened the possibility of the evaluation of the SB in the era of “deep remission.” It is best applied in patients with a high clinical suspicion for IBD after unremarkable colonoscopy with terminal ileal intubation and radiologic investigation.


Silvio W de Melo, Jack A Di Palma. The role of capsule endoscopy in evaluating inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology clinics of North America. 2012 Jun;41(2):315-23

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PMID: 22500520

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