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Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is the pancreatic manifestation of systemic fibroinflammatory disease called immunoglobulin G4-associated systemic disease. Although this inflammatory process is considered to be a disease with an autoimmune mechanism, its pathogenesis still remains unclear. To clarify the characteristics of B cells infiltrating the lesion, we analyzed the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (VH) gene rearrangement and somatic hypermutation of invasive lymphoid cells in type 1 AIP (n= 3), in comparison with obstructive pancreatitis (n= 3) as a control. DNA was extracted from the affected inflammatory lesions. After PCR amplification of the rearranged VH gene, the clones were subcloned, and recombinant clones were randomly selected and sequenced. More than 60 clones per case were analyzed. Monoclonal VH rearrangement was not detected in any of the cases examined. There was no VH family or VH fragment specific to type 1 AIP and obstructive pancreatitis. However, the rate of unmutated VH fragments in type 1 AIP (17%) was higher than that in obstructive pancreatitis (5.1%) (P= 0.010). Our study suggests that an increased rate of unmutated or less mutated VH genes may be characteristic of type 1 AIP and might play a role in the development of this disease. © 2012 The Authors. Pathology International © 2012 Japanese Society of Pathology and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.


Fumihiro Okumura, Hidenori Sakuma, Takahiro Nakazawa, Kazuki Hayashi, Itaru Naitoh, Katsuyuki Miyabe, Michihiro Yoshida, Hiroaki Yamashita, Hirotaka Ohara, Hiroshi Inagaki, Takashi Joh. Analysis of VH gene rearrangement and somatic hypermutation in type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis. Pathology international. 2012 May;62(5):318-23

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PMID: 22524659

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