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Stimulated by a recent experimental report [Hales JM et al. (2010) Science 327:1485-1488], two-photon absorption and third-order optical nonlinearities of selenopyrylium- and bis(dioxaborine)-terminated polymethine dyes (called SE-7C and DOB-9C) used for all-optical switching were investigated theoretically with time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) and response theory as well as visualized real-space analysis. The calculated results for the first hyperpolarizability and second hyperpolarizability demonstrated that the two molecules both have large third-order optical nonlinearities. Using real-space analysis, we were able to visually determine that in the one-photon absorption (OPA) process, the first singlet excited state of SE-7C and DOB-9C is an intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) excited state with strong absorption, while the second excited state of these dyes (also termed the "ICT state") shows weak absorption. However, in the two-photon absorption (TPA) process, a larger TPA absorption cross-section was predicted for the second excited state. In this paper, we describe the properties of the S2 excited state, incorporating charge transfer and the transition moment, via real-space analysis, which was very important for understanding the TPA characteristics of the S(2) state.

Citation

Yuanzuo Li, Ying Shi, Maodu Chen, Yongqing Li, Runzhou Su, Meiyu Zhao, Fengcai Ma. Molecular modeling of two-photon absorption and third-order nonlinearities of polymethine dyes for all-optical switching. Journal of molecular modeling. 2012 Sep;18(9):4141-9

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PMID: 22527274

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