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    Over-activation of AMPARs (α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid subtype glutamate receptors) is implicated in excitotoxic neuronal death associated with acute brain insults, such as ischemic stroke. However, the specific molecular mechanism by which AMPARs, especially the calcium-impermeable AMPARs, induce neuronal death remains poorly understood. Here we report the identification of a previously unrecognized molecular pathway involving a direct protein-protein interaction that underlies GluR2-containing AMPAR-mediated excitotoxicity. Agonist stimulation of AMPARs promotes GluR2/GAPDH (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase) complex formation and subsequent internalization. Disruption of GluR2/GAPDH interaction by administration of an interfering peptide prevents AMPAR-mediated excitotoxicity and protects against damage induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), an in vitro model of brain ischemia.

    Citation

    Min Wang, Shupeng Li, Hongyu Zhang, Lin Pei, Shengwei Zou, Frank J S Lee, Yu Tian Wang, Fang Liu. Direct interaction between GluR2 and GAPDH regulates AMPAR-mediated excitotoxicity. Molecular brain. 2012 Apr 26;5:13

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    PMID: 22537872

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