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There have been numerous reports that infusion of either natural bile or bile salts into the duodenum evokes a rapid increase in pancreatic secretion through the release of the hormone secretin from the duodenal mucosa. We have extended this observation by the demonstration of an additional late increase in secretion which persisted for many hours and have sought to identify the processes underlying this increase. In anaesthetised rats, infusion of 20 mM taurocholate into the duodenum caused a staircase-like increase in the weight of pancreatic secretion which extended over many hours during which, the HCO[Formula: see text] and protein output of the secretion showed only minimal changes. This effect was also reproduced with intra-duodenal infusion of natural bile which was inferred to act though its taurocholate content. Since the stimulatory action was also obtained with superfusion of taurocholate or natural bile onto the small intestine and by intravenous injection of taurocholate, it was concluded that taurocholate acted by being absorbed into the bloodstream and then by exerting a stimulatory action on the exocrine pancreas. This action was inhibited by puromycin (a protein synthesis inhibitor), by furosemide (a Na( + )/K( + )/2Cl(-) cotransporter inhibitor), though not by SITS (an inhibitor of Cl(-)/HCO[Formula: see text] exchange). The long lasting increase in pancreatic serous secretion would be consistent with the possible activation of gene transcription by taurocholate leading to increased activity of the Na( + )/K( + )/2Cl(-) cotransporter through which the acinar cells increased their secretions.


James D Morrison. Prolonged stimulation of pancreatic serous secretions by bile and sodium taurocholate in anaesthetized rats. Journal of physiology and biochemistry. 2012 Dec;68(4):503-20

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PMID: 22538870

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