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Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is a rare form of chronic granulomatous inflammation. Bacterial infections, immunosuppression, chronic inflammatory conditions, luminal obstruction, endometriosis, leiomyoma, abnormal lipid metabolism, ineffective antibiotic therapy, ineffective clearance of bacteria by phagocytes and chronic irritation of the urachal remnant have been implicated in the pathogenesis. There are very few reported cases of xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis. We present such a case in a 34-year-old female, with primary subfertility for eight years, endometriosis, uterine leiomyoma, type II diabetes mellitus and a history of surgery for endometriosis and fibroids and surgical wound infection, who presented with symptoms of intestinal obstruction. The patient underwent emergency laparotomy followed by total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Histology revealed xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis. Chronic inflammation due to inadequate treatment of bacterial infection, coupled with pelvic endometriosis and uterine leiomyoma may have led to xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2012 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.


Prabath K Abeysundara, Goluhewage S Padumadasa, Warnakulasooriya G M Tissera, Prasantha S Wijesinghe. Xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis associated with endometriosis and uterine leiomyoma presenting as intestinal obstruction. The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research. 2012 Aug;38(8):1115-7

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PMID: 22568924

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