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A 38-year-old man presented with declining appetite and progressive abdominal distention. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed omental and bowel wall thickening. Histopathologic examination showed a high-grade lymphoblastic Burkitt-like B-cell lymphoma. 18F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography images showed diffusely increased metabolic activity in the thickened omentum, intestines, mesentery, and peritoneum (omental caking). Diffuse peritoneal and omental seeding are well-known forms of dissemination of metastatic carcinoma. However, omental and peritoneal lymphomatosis are rare manifestations of high-grade lymphomas. This uncommon case demonstrates usefulness of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in omental and peritoneal involvement in lymphoma.

Citation

Ali Fuat Yapar, Mehmet Reyhan. 18F-FDG uptake in diffuse peritoneal lymphomatosis. Clinical nuclear medicine. 2012 Jul;37(7):e176-7

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PMID: 22691529

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