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Drought is a severe environmental constraint to plant productivity and an important factor limiting barley yield. To investigate the initial response of barley to drought stress, changes in protein profile were analyzed using a proteomics technique. Three-day-old barley seedlings of sensitive genotype 004186 and tolerant genotype 004223 were given two treatments, one with 20 % polyethylene glycol and the second with drought induced by withholding water. After 3 days of treatments, proteins were extracted from shoots and separated by 2-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Metabolism related proteins were decreased in the sensitive genotype under drought; however, they were increased in the tolerant genotype. Photosynthetic related proteins were decreased and increased among the three sensitive and three tolerant genotypes, respectively. In addition, amino acid synthesis and degradation related proteins were increased and decreased among the three tolerant genotypes. These results suggest that chloroplastic metabolism and energy related proteins might play a significant role in the adaptation process of barley seedlings under drought stress.

Citation

Rehana Kausar, Muhammad Arshad, Armghan Shahzad, Setsuko Komatsu. Proteomics analysis of sensitive and tolerant barley genotypes under drought stress. Amino acids. 2013 Feb;44(2):345-59

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PMID: 22707152

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