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The present study attempts to determine whether developmental thiamine (B1 vitamin) deficiency and developmental ethanol exposure disturb eye opening in Wistar rat pups. During gestation and lactation, Wistar rat dams were exposed to the following treatments: (1) Prenatal thiamine-deficient dams; (2) perinatal thiamine-deficient dams; (3) postnatal thiamine-deficient dams; (4) 12% alcohol/water drinking mothers; (5) mothers drinking 12% alcohol/water + thiamine hydrochloride mixture; (6) ad libitum control dams. Pair-feeding treatments controlled malnutrition related to thiamine deficiency: (7) Prenatal pair-fed dams; (8) perinatal pair-fed dams; (9) postnatal pair-fed dams and included also the control of alcohol consummation: (10) pair-fed saccharose dams. After birth, from postnatal day 10 (P10) to P18, eye opening was observed in the pups bred by ten different experimental dams. The present experiments showed eye opening to be delayed strongly in perinatal thiamine-deficient pups only. Consequently, our study suggests perinatal thiamine deficiency to interfere with photoreceptors differentiation in the rat retina. In addition, our results reveal that developmental alcohol exposure-induced premature eye opening contrasted paradoxically with perinatal thiamine deficiency-induced delayed opening. The results suggest differential actions of alcohol and thiamine deficiency on cellular genesis in the rat retina.


Abdoulaye Bâ. Paradoxical effects of alcohol and thiamine deficiency on the eye opening in rat pups. The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians. 2012 Nov;25(11):2435-40

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PMID: 22716186

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