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    Bile duct (BD) complications continue to be the "Achilles' heel" of liver transplantation, and the utilization of bile duct drainage is still on debate. We describe the results of a less invasive rubber trancystic biliary drainage (TBD) compared to a standard silicone T-tube (TT). The transplanted patients (n = 248), over a period of 5 years with a TBD (n = 20), were matched 1:2 with control patients with a TT (n = 40). Primary end points were the overall incidence of BD complications and graft and patient survival. Secondary end points included the complications after the drainage removal. Although the bile duct leakage rates were not significantly different between both groups, the TT group had a significantly higher rate of overall 1-year BD stenosis (40 versus 10 %) (p = 0.036). Three-year patient/graft survival rates were 83.2/80.1 and 84.4/84.4 % for the TT and TBD groups, respectively. The postoperative BD complications, after drainage removal (peritonitis and stenosis), were significantly reduced (p = 0.011) with the use of a TBD. The use of rubber TBD in liver transplant recipients does not increase the number of BD complications compared to the T-tube. Furthermore, less BD anastomotic stenosis and post-removal complications were observed in the TBD group compared to the TT group.


    F Panaro, A Glaise, M Miggino, H Bouyabrine, Jp Carabalona, B Gallix, F Navarro. Rubber transcystic drainage reduces the post-removal biliary complications in liver transplantation: a matched case-control study. Langenbeck's archives of surgery. 2013 Jan;398(1):169-76

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    PMID: 22718298

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