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The objective of this study was to analyze the responses of bone-forming osteoblasts to Ti-6Al-4V implant material coated with silica-calcium phosphate nanocomposite (SCPC50). Osteoblast differentiation at the interface with SCPC50-coated Ti-6Al-4V was correlated to the adsorption of high amount of serum proteins, high surface affinity to fibronectin, Ca uptake from and P and Si release into the medium. SCPC50-coated Ti-6Al-4V adsorbed significantly more serum protein (p < 0.05) than control uncoated substrates. Moreover, Western blot analysis showed that the SCPC50 coating had a high affinity for serum fibronectin. Protein conformation analyses by FTIR showed that the ratio of the area under the peak for amide I/amide II bands was significantly higher (p < 0.05) on the surface of SCPC50-coated substrates than that on the surface of the control uncoated substrates. Moreover, ICP - OES analyses indicated that SCPC50-coated substrates withdrew Ca ions from, and released P and Si ions into, the tissue culture medium, respectively. In conjunction with the favorable protein adsorption and modifications in medium composition, MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells attached to SCPC50-coated substrates expressed 10-fold higher level of mRNA encoding osteocalcin and had significantly higher production of osteopontin and osteocalcin proteins than cells attached to the uncoated Ti-6A1-4V substrates. In addition, osteoblast-like cells attached to the SCPC50-coated substrates produced significantly lower levels of the inflammatory and osteoclastogenic cytokines, IL-6, IL-12p40, and RANKL than those attached to uncoated Ti-6Al-4V substrates. These results suggest that SCPC50 coating could enhance bone integration with orthopedic and maxillofacial implants while minimizing the induction of inflammatory bone cell responses. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Aniket, Amy Young, Ian Marriott, Ahmed El-Ghannam. Promotion of pro-osteogenic responses by a bioactive ceramic coating. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A. 2012 Dec;100(12):3314-25

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PMID: 22733626

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