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To elucidate the mechanism of the inhibitory action of 1,4-dimorpholino-7-phenylpyrido[3,4-d]pyridazine (DS-511) on water and sodium reabsorption at the renal tubules, the effect of DS-511 (4'-OH), which is similar in diuretic effect to but more water-soluble than DS-511, on the transepithelial transport of sodium and water and permeability to urea was studied in isolated toad urinary bladder. Application of DS-511(4'-OH) at concentrations above 2 x 10(-4) mol/l to the serosal side of the bladder depressed the transepithelial potential difference, short circuit current (SCC), and membrane conductance as well as the increased response of the SCC to arginine vasopressin (AVP) and cyclic AMP. The effect of DS-511 (4'-OH) applied to the mucosal side was delayed in onset and less pronounced. Neither serosal nor mucosal 10(-3) mol/l DS-511(4'-OH) depressed the increased response of the SCC to amphotericin B. 2 x 10(-4) mol/l DS-511 (4'-OH) applied to the serosal side did not affect osmotic water flow, but potentiated the increase in water flow caused by AVP. Basal urea permeability as well as the increase in urea permeability caused by AVP were depressed by serosal 10(-3) mol/l DS-511 (4'-OH). The results show that DS-511(4'-OH) has two actions, the depression of the transepithelial transport of sodium and urea, and the potentiation of the increased water permeability caused by AVP.


M Shida, K Nishikawa, S Kikuchi. Effect of 1,4-dimorpholino-7-(4-hydroxyphenyl)pyrido[3,4-d]) pyridazine [DS-511(4'-OH)] on the transepithelial transport of sodium and water and the permeability to urea in the toad urinary bladder. Arzneimittel-Forschung. 1979;29(5):807-11

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PMID: 227423

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