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Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase phosphatase (CaMKP/PPM1F) is a Ser/Thr protein phosphatase that dephosphorylates and regulates multifunctional Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases. Although CaMKP is known to be activated by phosphorylation with CaMKII and stimulated by the addition of polycations such as poly-l-lysine, detailed mechanisms of regulation of CaMKP in vivo still remain unclear. In the present study, we found that CaMKP is regulated by oxidation/reduction at Cys residue(s). When CaMKP was incubated with H(2)O(2), time- and dose-dependent inactivation of the enzyme was observed. This inactivation was restored when the inactivated CaMKP was treated with a reducing agent such as 2-mercaptoethanol. Since there are three Cys residues (Cys-259, Cys-315, and Cys-359) in human CaMKP (hCaMKP), we produced three point mutants of hCaMKP, CaMKP(C259S), CaMKP(C315S), and CaMKP(C359S), of which the Cys residues were replaced by Ser residues. Among these Cys-substituted mutants, only CaMKP(C359S) exhibited significant tolerance against oxidation by H(2)O(2). Incubation of CaMKP with H(2)O(2) led to formation of disulfide bond between Cys-359 and Cys-259/Cys-315, resulting in the inactivation of the enzyme. These results suggest that hCaMKP activity is reversibly regulated by oxidation/reduction at Cys-359. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Hiromi Baba, Noriyuki Sueyoshi, Yasushi Shigeri, Atsuhiko Ishida, Isamu Kameshita. Regulation of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase phosphatase (CaMKP) by oxidation/reduction at Cys-359. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. 2012 Oct 1;526(1):9-15

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PMID: 22743349

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