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The absorption and fluorescence spectra of labetalol and pseudoephedrine have been studied in different polarities of solvents and β-cyclodextrin (β-CD). The inclusion complexation with β-CD is investigated by UV-visible, steady state and time resolved fluorescence spectra and PM3 method. In protic solvents, the normal emission originates from a locally excited state and the longer wavelength emission is due to intramolecular charge transfer (TICT). Labetalol forms a 1:2 complex and pseudoephedrine forms 1:1 complex with β-CD. Nanosecond time-resolved studies indicated that both molecules show triexponential decay. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔG, ΔH, ΔS) and HOMO, LUMO orbital investigations confirm the stability of the inclusion complex. The geometry of the most stable complex shows that the aromatic ring is deeply self included inside the β-CD cavity and intermolecular hydrogen bonds were established between host and guest molecules. This suggests that hydrophobic effect and hydrogen bond play an important role in the inclusion process.


A Antony Muthu Prabhu, N Rajendiran. Encapsulation of labetalol, pseudoephedrine in β-cyclodextrin cavity: spectral and molecular modeling studies. Journal of fluorescence. 2012 Nov;22(6):1461-74

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PMID: 22752432

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