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The function of histamine in the adult central nervous system has been extensively studied, but data on its actions upon the developing nervous system are still scarce. Herein, we review the available information regarding the possible role for histamine in brain development. Some relevant findings are the existence of a transient histaminergic neuronal system during brain development, which includes serotonergic neurons in the midbrain and the rhombencephalon that coexpress histamine; the high levels of histamine found in several areas of the embryo nervous system at the neurogenic stage; the presence of histaminergic fibers and the expression of histamine receptors in various areas of the developing brain; and the neurogenic and proliferative effects on neural stem cells following histamine H(1) - and H(2) -receptor activation, respectively. Altogether, the reviewed information supports a significant role for histamine in brain development and the need for further research in this field. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Neurochemistry © 2012 International Society for Neurochemistry.


Anayansi Molina-Hernández, Néstor Fabián Díaz, José-Antonio Arias-Montaño. Histamine in brain development. Journal of neurochemistry. 2012 Sep;122(5):872-82

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PMID: 22776024

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