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Temozolomide (TMZ) was first known to be useful as a radiosensitiser in both primary brain tumours like glioblastoma multiforme and oligodendroglioma. Later, TMZ proved its efficacy in the treatment of melanoma. Multiple publications have demonstrated the benefit of TMZ in terms of efficacy and tolerance (used as mono-therapy or as adjuvant chemotherapy) compared to the "gold standard" treatment of this kind of tumours. Furthermore, several recent clinical trials have shown the particular importance of TMZ in other types of cancer. This publication deals with the use of TMZ in cancers which are not formal indications for TMZ (excluding glioblastoma multiforme, oligodendroglioma and melanoma). It also includes a necessary review of recent literature about the role of TMZ in the treatment of brain metastases, lymphomas, refractory leukaemia, neuroendocrine tumours, pituitary tumours, Ewing's sarcoma, primitive neuroectodermal tumours, lung cancer and other tumours. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Zuzana Tatar, Emilie Thivat, Eloise Planchat, Pierre Gimbergues, Emilie Gadea, Catherine Abrial, Xavier Durando. Temozolomide and unusual indications: review of literature. Cancer treatment reviews. 2013 Apr;39(2):125-35

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PMID: 22818211

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