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A sequential surfactant bilayer/diblock copolymer coating was previously developed for the separation of proteins. The coating is formed by flushing the capillary with the cationic surfactant dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB) followed by the neutral polymer poly-oxyethylene (POE) stearate. Herein we show the method development and optimization for capillary isoelectric focusing (cIEF) separations based on the developed sequential coating. Electroosmotic flow can be tuned by varying the POE chain length which allows optimization of resolution and analysis time. DODAB/POE 40 stearate can be used to perform single-step cIEF, while both DODAB/POE 40 and DODAB/POE 100 stearate allow performing two-step cIEF methodologies. A set of peptide markers is used to assess the coating performance. The sequential coating has been applied successfully to cIEF separations using different capillary lengths and inner diameters. A linear pH gradient is established only in two-step CIEF methodology using 3-10 pH 2.5% (v/v) carrier ampholyte. Hemoglobin A(0) and S variants are successfully resolved on DODAB/POE 40 stearate sequentially coated capillaries. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Mahmoud F Bahnasy, Charles A Lucy. A versatile semi-permanent sequential bilayer/diblock polymer coating for capillary isoelectric focusing. Journal of chromatography. A. 2012 Dec 7;1267:89-95

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PMID: 22857999

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