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Different surgical strategies have been evolved for the surgical treatment of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA) from simple primary closure to patching of the rupture site by a dual chamber approach. We reviewed our 25-year experience and current literature regarding the efficacy of different surgical approaches. A retrospective review identified 55 patients who underwent RSVA repair between 1985 and 2011. The mean age was 30.9 ± 12.1 years. The RSVA originated from the right coronary sinus in 43 patients (78.2%), from the non-coronary sinus in 11 (20.0%) and from the left in 1. Rupture into the right ventricle was the most common result (n = 38). Dual-chamber exposure (the involved chamber and aorta) was used in 67.3% of the patients and isolated trans-aortic approach was used in 32.7%. RSVA was repaired with either a patch (n = 43) or direct sutures (n = 12), whereas the aortic valve was replaced in eight patients among the last group. The hospital mortality rate was 3.6%. The follow-up was available in 94.3% (50 patients) of survivors ranging from 1 month to 25 years (mean 15.3 ± 4.1 years). There were five late deaths. Recurrence of the fistula was seen in two primarily repaired (two of four patients) and none of the patched-closed patients. Actual survival was 93.4 ± 3.7% at 10 years and 87.1 ± 5.6% at 15 years. Freedom from reoperations was 81.6 ± 6.1% at 15 years. Surgical treatment for RSVA carries an acceptably low operative risk and long-term freedom from death and reoperation. Surgical approach must be chosen according to the ruptured chamber and associated lesions. Patch repair of RSVA must be preferred.


Sabit Sarikaya, Taylan Adademir, Ahmet Elibol, Fuat Büyükbayrak, Alper Onk, Kaan Kirali. Surgery for ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm: 25-year experience with 55 patients. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery. 2013 Mar;43(3):591-6

PMID: 22864792

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