Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions


Polyneuropathy has been reported in cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX), although its nature and possible association with certain genotypes and phenotypes are unclear. The effect of chronic administration of chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) on peripheral nerve conduction parameters is still debated. We report clinical, laboratory, and electrophysiological findings in 35 CTX patients. Twenty-six subjects (74.2 %) showed peripheral nerve abnormalities. Polyneuropathy was predominantly axonal (76.9 % of patients) and generally mild. No correlation was found between its presence and clinical or biochemical data. In polyneuropathic patients, CDCA treatment improved electrophysiological conduction parameters, irrespective of the duration of therapy. Improvement mainly concerned nerve conduction velocities, whereas most nerve amplitudes remained unchanged. This means that CDCA treatment did not influence the number of axons activated by maximum electrical stimulation but increased the conduction of the still-excitable fibers. Our findings may suggest that CDCA treatment promotes myelin synthesis in nerve fibers with residual unaffected axons. The effect of therapy may therefore depend largely on the extent of irreversible structural damage to axons.

Citation

F Ginanneschi, A Mignarri, M Mondelli, G N Gallus, M Del Puppo, S Giorgi, A Federico, A Rossi, M T Dotti. Polyneuropathy in cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis and response to treatment with chenodeoxycholic acid. Journal of neurology. 2013 Jan;260(1):268-74

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances


PMID: 22878431

View Full Text