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Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) in classical buffer-based background electrolytes (BGEs) and carrier ampholytes-based capillary electrophoresis (CABCE) using narrow pH cuts of carrier ampholytes (CA) as constituents of quasi-isoelectric BGEs have been applied to separation and characterization of synthetic human and salmon gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRH) and their derivatives and fragments. The selectivity, separation efficiency, resolution and speed of CZE and CABCE analyses have been compared within a wide pH range of the BGEs (3.50-9.75) using two mixtures of structurally related GnRH peptides as model analytes. A baseline separation of mixture 1 (human GnRH and its three fragments) was achieved in CA-based BGEs at pH 3.5 and in both classical and CA-based BGEs within the pH range 7.00-9.75. Full separation of mixture 2 (salmon GnRH, its two fragments and human GnRH fragment) was obtained in both types of BGEs at acidic pH values 3.5 and 4.00 and at neutral pH 7.00. In addition to the separation of related GnRHs, their effective electrophoretic mobilities were determined and from the dependences of mobilities on pH, the isoelectric points (pI) of analyzed peptides were estimated. The pI values obtained by CABCE were in a good agreement with those determined by CZE in classical BGEs but in some cases rather different from those predicted by theoretical calculations. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Veronika Solínová, Martine Poitevin, Dušan Koval, Jean-Marc Busnel, Gabriel Peltre, Václav Kašička. Capillary electrophoresis in classical and carrier ampholytes-based background electrolytes applied to separation and characterization of gonadotropin-releasing hormones. Journal of chromatography. A. 2012 Dec 7;1267:231-8

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PMID: 22883161

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