Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

The amino acid Arginine (Arg) is the main biological precursor of nitric oxide (NO) and has been described to improve insulin sensitivity in diabetes and obesity. We investigated the molecular mechanisms involved in the long-term effects of Arg on glucose and lipid metabolism. L6 myotubes were treated with Arg (7 mmol/L) for 6 days. D-Mannitol (7 mmol/L) was used as control; spermine NONOate (10 μmol/L) and L-NAME (100 μmol/L) were used to evaluate the NO/c-GMP pathway role. Basal and insulin-induced (120 nmol/L) glycogen synthesis, glucose uptake and lipid oxidation, c-GMP and nitrite levels, and the intracellular signaling pathways were evaluated. Arg-treatment increased: 1) basal and insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis; 2) glucose uptake; 3) palmitate oxidation; 4) p-Akt (Ser(473)), total and plasma membrane GLUT4 content, total and p-AMPK-α and p-ACC (Ser(79)), p-GSK-3α/β (Ser(21/9)) and 5) nitrite and c-GMP levels. L-NAME treatment suppressed Arg effects on: 1) nitrite and c-GMP content; 2) glycogen synthesis and glucose uptake; 3) basal and insulin-stimulated p-Akt (Ser(473)), total and p-AMPK-α and ACC, and nNOS expression. We provide evidence that Arg improves glucose and lipid metabolism in skeletal muscle, in parallel with increased phosphorylation of Akt and AMPK-α. These effects were mediated by the NO/c-GMP pathway. Thus, arginine treatment enhances signal transduction and has a beneficial effect of metabolism in skeletal muscle through direct activation of Akt and AMPK pathways. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Thais de Castro Barbosa, Lake Q Jiang, Juleen R Zierath, Maria Tereza Nunes. L-Arginine enhances glucose and lipid metabolism in rat L6 myotubes via the NO/ c-GMP pathway. Metabolism: clinical and experimental. 2013 Jan;62(1):79-89

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 22889511

View Full Text