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The aim of the present study was the determination of the stability of a diketopiperazine (DKP) derived from the aspartyl tripeptide Phe-Asp-GlyOH at pH 10 and 80°C and 25°C as well as at pH 7.4 and 80°C. The analysis was performed using a validated capillary electrophoresis assay. Rapid epimerization of the incubated cis-DKP to the trans-DKP was observed under all conditions. Linear diastereomeric α-l/d-Asp and β-l/d-Asp peptides were the primary reaction products at pH 10 and 80°C, indicating that a cyclic succinimide is formed in the process. In contrast, the DKPs were by far the major compounds in the incubation solutions at pH 10 and 25°C and at pH 7.4 and 80°C, whereas the linear Asp peptides were found only at low concentrations. A kinetic model was derived to fit the concentration versus time data, which consider the succinimide as central intermediate for DKP formation and for isomerization and enantiomerization of the linear Asp peptides. Besides the back reaction of the DKPs to the succinimides, an additional hydrolysis reaction of the DKP ring was considered to obtain the fit of the experimental data, indicating that additional degradation reactions have to be considered for Asp-derived DKPs. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Christin Brückner, Alfred Fahr, Diana Imhof, Gerhard K E Scriba. Degradation kinetics of an aspartyl-tripeptide-derived diketopiperazine under forced conditions. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. 2012 Nov;101(11):4178-90

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PMID: 22899465

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