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Release of immature neutrophils from bone marrow into circulation accompanies acute inflammatory states. Previous studies have identified a number of antigens that are differentially expressed on mature neutrophils and immature forms. We analyzed expression of these antigens on circulating neutrophils of influenza virus infection patients. We identified a minor neutrophil subpopulation with decreased granularity and the antigen surface expression pattern (CD35(-)/CD49d(+)) which defines metamyelocytes. CD35(-)/CD49d(+) neutrophils were detected in 35% of the patients but not in healthy individuals and correlated positively with blood metamyelocyte count. The sorted CD35(-)/CD49d(+) neutrophils displayed morphological features of metamyelocytes. Compared with a major (CD35(+)/CD49d(-)) neutrophil subpopulation, CD35(-)/CD49d(+) neutrophils demonstrated significantly diminished functional capacities (both phagocytosis and respiratory burst). Thus, CD35(-)/CD49d(+) neutrophils represent a phenotypically and functionally distinct subpopulation of the cells and can potentially be used to quantify immature neutrophil release in inflammation. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Boris K Pliyev, Evgeniya I Shmidt, Anna V Ivanova, Mikhail Menshikov. Circulating CD35(-)/CD49d(+) neutrophils in influenza virus infection patients. Human immunology. 2012 Nov;73(11):1087-90

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PMID: 22902398

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