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Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is considered as a key factor in free fatty acid (FFA)-induced apoptosis. ERp46, a new member of the thioredoxin family, is highly expressed in pancreatic β-cells and plays an important role in glucose toxicity. In this study we examined the potential role of ERp46 in palmitic acid (PA)-induced cell apoptosis and the protective role of exendin-4, a long-acting agonist of the hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor. The glucose-sensitive mouse β-pancreatic cell line, βTC6, was used to investigate the mechanisms of PA-induced apoptosis. Our results showed that ERp46 expression was reduced in a dose- and time-dependent manner after PA treatment. Furthermore, inhibition of ERp46 expression by small interfering (si)RNA-mediated silencing enhanced the ER stress response via three separate pathways and increased βTC6 cell apoptosis rates. Moreover, exendin-4 reduced the ER stress response and levels of apoptosis in NC transfected cells after PA treatment, but not in cells transfected with ERp46siRNA. In conclusion, ERp46 plays a protective role in PA-induced cell apoptosis by decreasing the ER stress response and might be a novel target for anti-diabetic drugs. Exendin-4 might protect against βTC6 cell lipoapoptosis in part by activating ERp46 signaling pathway. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Dan-Ling Chen, Jing-Nan Xiang, Li-Yong Yang. Role of ERp46 in β-cell lipoapoptosis through endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway as well as the protective effect of exendin-4. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2012 Sep 28;426(3):324-9

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PMID: 22935416

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